Wild camping in Europe: in which countries can you legally pitch your tent?

The summer period awakens in us desires for large open spaces. A need to reconnect with nature after months of being stuck in the daily routine. And what better way to recharge your batteries then set up your tent in the middle of nowhere † If you’re tempted to settle in dream spots, be careful, as wild camping isn’t legal everywhere. Here is a small overview of the destinations adapted to your Robinson Crusoe impulses.

Photo: Shutterstock

Sweden, Finland, Norway

According to the “Allemannsretten” law, which gives everyone the right to enjoy nature, wild camping in these three Scandinavian countries is completely free, even in national parks! However, some rules of courtesy must be respected, namely the fact that you are not allowed to pitch your tent within 150 m of a house or park your van and not disturb the fauna and flora. If you want to camp in the same spot two days in a row, you must ask the owners of the spot for permission.


Denmark, a neighbor of Sweden, Finland and Norway, has a very different policy when it comes to wild camping. Strictly speaking it is indeed not allowed, but the country has almost a thousand wild places where you can pitch your tent. These Kroonlanden are rarely accessible by car. So advice to hikers! Visit this site for more information.

Photo: Shutterstock


Want to enjoy the breathtaking landscapes of Scotland right after waking up? Fortunately, the country tolerates wild camping, even in the most spectacular locations. However, in order to camp as close to nature as possible according to the rules of the art, the government recommends that you leave in a small group, with light equipment and only stay two or three days at each site. On its site, the tourist office also distils some common sense rules that are always worth repeating:

  • Avoid overcrowding by switching places if the chosen spot is already occupied.
  • Use a stove or do not leave any traces of campfire. Never cut or damage trees.
  • Throw out your trash and consider cleaning up other trash as well.
  • If in doubt, ask the owner. His advice may help you find a better camping spot.
Photo: Shutterstock


In Estonia, as in the Scandinavian countries, the principle of the fundamental right of access to nature allows travelers to camp wild, as well as to collect berries, mushrooms and medicinal plants. To pitch your tent or park your vehicle, you should choose a place that is not cultivated or exploited and where the presence of humans does not disturb the habitat of local species. It is also forbidden to wash clothes or dishes in rivers or lakes.

Lithuania and Latvia

The two Baltic countries more or less adhere to the same rules as Estonia. Wild camping is allowed there and the locals are followers. Result, it is not uncommon to find isolated places with dry toilets, we can read on the Caravanya site. However, some guidelines should be followed. In particular, permission should be sought from an owner to settle and camp in towns or urban areas near residences.

Leave a Comment